This is a complete post on everything that you might need to know on what was a drawback of the US bracero program.
Bracero Program Timeline
The bracero program timeline is between 1942 and 1964.
Between 1942 and 1964, 4.8 million people came to united states from Mexico under the Mexican farm labor supply program more commonly known as the bracero program.
Sadly, the experiences of those 4.8million farmer workers, as well as those that came before and after them, are not part of the American history that is told in historical past records.
Why did the bracero program end? This is their story.
The story of the bracero program is part of the larger history of the American economic imperialism in Mexico.
A process that begins with the construction of a national rail network in Mexico in 1877. As a result of this network, thousands of Mexicans were displaced from their lands.
And left with little alternative but to seek work in America. Which led to the migration of 1.5 million Mexicans to the United States between 1890 and 1929.
The majority of them worked as agricultural laborers in America.
And despite the hard condition of farm work, the migration continued because of the simple fact that those who participate in the American economy were better off economically than those who didn’t.
America eco-business welcome this influx of cheap and vulnerable labors.
In 1942, in response to the production demand to the American welfare, the Mexican farm labor supply program was made a temporary program that would ensure a constant supply of cheap labor to the U.S eco-business.
Although informal migration from Mexico to the U.S has existed since the end 19th century, this program also fosters the migration.
Early on in the program, the Mexican government expressed the rights of its workers. In response, a series of informal amendments were passed between 1943 and 1947.
These amendments were made to ensure the protective right of the workers.
Mexico Foreign Secretary At The Time Of Bracero
His name is Ezekiel, he praised agreement saying that it provides opportunities to earn high wages and a noble adventure for the youths.
This noble adventure described by the foreign secretary begins in Mexico by the Mexican government.
How The Mexican Of Bracero Program Were Selected
A quarter system was used to determine the number of people who can apply to work in the U.S from each state in Mexico.
The process was competitive because there were so few viable jobs in Mexico. One farmer recalled that some of the people that took part in the bracero program were so poor that they look for food in trash cans.
Just like the generation before them, the next generation also follows suit because the economic situation in Mexico was very hard.
The Care Given To The Participant Of Bracero Program
Those who made it through the screening process in Mexico endured very physical examinations. Many men who were brought into the united states but ultimately not selected were left with no journey aid back to Mexico.
This system of imported labor looks at the Mexicans solely for their utility and ignore their humanity.
Pablo Siqueiros, a farm worker in California in 1960 described himself in an affidavit as an important farm worker brought in by the desert growers association.
His detach in passive tongues suggest the alienation from himself as well as the product of his labor.
In the imaginations of the growers and the U.S government, Braceros were not seen much so as its people but rather as commodities that are to be used to maximize profit.
The condition of the farm worker council is clear; migrants endure harsh working conditions, prejudice, substandard housing, physical mistreatment, exposure to pesticides, inadequate medical care and substandard food that cause illness.
The misery was made worse for the fact that business like the desert growers association regularly refuse to account for the hours that Braceros work.
It was also common practice for the company to withhold wages and issue fake payroll slips.
The loyalties of the doctors help explain the inadequate medical care in the camps. Camp doctors were selected not so much with their identification with the medical profession on the local level but because they too were identified with the big growers.
Authorities such as the prime minister of labor who might have enforced the worker’s protections outlined them in 1942 agreement saying he often felt to do so but because of legislative loopholes and inadequate operating budget.
What Was A Drawback Of The US Bracero Program
In the end thou, the ultimate reason that the bracero came to an end was that the program was created to serve the interest of the American co-operation and the American government.
Braceros were merely cogs in the profit-generating machine.
However, there were who challenged the system. A political activist and physician in California who first learned about the worker’s condition when he treated.
In 1960 he filed a suit against the big growers and the medical insurance company for depriving the worker of their medical benefits.
It is because of this activist’s effort that the legal testimony of some of the Braceros has been preserved. The bracero program officially ended in 1964.
Despite the increased attention of activists, which brought up the issue of farmworker rates. The pattern of Mexican workers working in American fields has not changed much since the beginning of the 20th century.
As of 2010, 95 percent of the farm workers in California are of Mexican origin. Over 3 quarters of the earn less than $10,000 per year.
Are this workers experiencing the same treatment as the Braceros?
Who is ensuring that the rights of these workers are protected?
Who is ignoring this right?
The issues surrounding agricultural labor and international migration are complex at the same time however, there are some things that are simple such as the right of all persons to fair working conditions, just treatment and effective recourse for addressing grievances.
The story of the Bracero program highlights the importance of seeking out the stories of the powerless. Listening to them and then re-telling them.
This untold stories must inform the work of all those involved in the struggle for a more just and peaceful world.